Dr. Martin Luther King Jr., James Bevel, and Albert Raby led one of the most imperative northern United States movements in history. The Chicago Freedom Movement challenged systematic racial segregation and discrimination through nonviolent direct action.

As one of the largest cities in the nation, African Americans fled the South in the 1960s to Chicago for a better life. Yet, they were faced with racially fueled motives from racists with exclusion from better resources, and predominantly white neighborhoods and suburbs. From mid-1965 to early 1967, the movement consisted of rallies, protests, and boycotts to demand the end of segregated housing, educational deficiencies, and health disparities, among many more factors based on racism.